1. Definitions


1.1 In these rules, unless the contrary intention appears:

“Action” means a player acting in turn;

“All-in” means a player has invested all of his/her remaining chips in the outcome of a hand. His/her bet cannot be more than a legal bet, or a legal bet and raise, if a raise is an option. He/she can only win that portion of the pot in which he/she contributed chips plus an equal amount of chips from each player remaining in the pot;

“Ante” means a predetermined contribution to the pot by all players before any cards are dealt in a hand;

“Bet” means a player’s wager;

“Betting Round” means a complete cycle from the first bettor to the last person to call;

“Blind” means a designated bet placed before the first card is dealt. The blind is a live bet which can win the pot if not called or raised;

“Boxed Card” means a card found face up in the deck;

“Burn” means the dealer removing the top card from the deck before the start of a dealing round;

“Burn Card” means a card which is removed from the top of the deck by the dealer without exposing its value and placed face down, separate from the Togel discards before the start of a round;

“Button” means an object on the table which designates the dealer or last player to act in a round. The button is moved one position in a clockwise rotation at the conclusion of each hand;

“Buy-in” means the purchase of chips before the start of a hand;

“Call” means placing a bet equal to the highest legal bet in that round or going all-in if remaining chips are less than the size of that bet. In games where there are blind bets the first player to act after the initial deal shall call by placing a bet equal to the last blind bet;

“Cap” means the maximum amount of rake or commission to be collected;

“Cards Speak” means that any hand placed open and flat on the table shall be read by the dealer and can be announced by any player at the table. A player need not correctly identify his/her hand to win if the above conditions have been met;

“Casino Supervisor” means a person who is responsible for the supervision and management of gaming operations;

“Check” means not initiating a bet but retaining all rights to act in the event a bet is made. A check shall only be an option if no blind is placed or bet made;

“Chemmy Shuffle” means cards mixed face down on the table with a circular motion of the hands;

“Commission” (also known as “rake”) means the percentage of the pot due to the house or the amount due to the house for hosting the game;

“Community Cards” means cards dealt face upward which can be used by all players to complete their best possible hand;

“Cut” means to divide the deck into two face-down stacks and then reunite them by locating the former bottom stack on the former top stack without changing the order of the cards within each stack;

“Cutting Card” means a card which cannot be construed as a playing card to be placed under the bottom card of the deck before dealing;

“Dead Button” means a dealer button in front of an empty seat to adjust the movement of the blind so that each person pays the correct amount of blind;

“Dead Hand” means a hand that has no claim to the pot;

“Deal” means the distribution of playing cards to the players;

“Dealer” means a casino employee who distributes all cards and handles all pot duties, but does not have a financial stake or receive a hand;

“Defective Deck” means a deck that contains: an incorrect number of cards for the games in progress; duplicate cards; jokers; five or more boxed cards; two or more different back designs or colors; cards in play which have become marked, scratched or can be read without looking at the face; manufacturing imperfections; or any problem with the deck the management considers detrimental to the security and integrity of the game;

“Down card” means a card dealt face downward;

“Draw” means a type of poker or the taking of additional cards by a player as in Draw Poker;

“Drop” means the amount of rake or commission for the game;

“Drop Slide” means a device attached to the table which is used for the placement and dropping of the commission into the drop box;

“Fee per Hand” means the collection of money due to the house determined as a set fee per hand dealt;

“Fixed Bet” means a bet must be of a designated amount. Also known as a structured bet;

“Flexible Bet” means a bet can be of varying size within fixed parameters. Also known as spread limit;

“Flop” means three community cards dealt face downward and turned face upward simultaneously;

“Fold” means to surrender a hand or refuse to call a bet;

“Forced Bet” means a mandatory bet for the purpose of starting a pot;

“Head to Head” means where only two active players remain in the betting round;

“Hand” means one game in a series, one deal, the cards held by a player, cards retained by a player entitling him/her to participate in the action or the combination of cards necessary to win a pot;

“Hold-em” means a type of poker;

“Hole Cards” means a player’s concealed cards;

“House” means the casino operator;

“Limits” means the range or structure of the betting;

“Manila” means a type of poker;

“Misdeal” means a hand dealt incorrectly or the action of dealing a hand incorrectly;

“Muck” means the discard pile;

“No Limit” means no constraint is placed on the maximum size of any bet or raise;

“Omaha” means a type of poker;

“Open” means making the first betting action;

“Opener” means the person who makes the first betting action;

“Over-blind Bet” means a voluntary blind immediately to the left of the last blind and double the amount of the previous blind;

“Poker Room Supervisor” means a person who is responsible for the supervision and management of gaming operation and who has successfully completed all modules of an approved poker training program;

“Pot” means the sum of the antes, blinds and called wagers;

“Raise” means a bet within the table limits, that is an implicit call plus an amount in excess of the previous bet or raise by at least as large an amount, except in the case of an all-in raise. An all-in raise less than a full raise shall not be considered foundation for any subsequent raises, which must revert to the previous full bet or raise to constitute the next minimum amount of raise. In such a case, the highest total of any one bet in the round would be considered the “call” amount, with the raise then added to that total;

“Rake” (also known as “commission”) means the act of taking the percentage of the pot due to the house or the amount due to the house for hosting the game;

“Round” means the cycle of bets made by the players following the deal of the cards, or a series of cards or hands dealt;

“Showdown” means determining the winner of the pot after the completion of all betting;

“Side Pot or Side Pots” means a separate pot or pots created in a game of poker due to one or more players being all-in;

“Spread Limit” means a bet can be of varying size within fixed parameters;

“Structured Limit” (also known as “fixed bet”) means a bet shall be of a designated amount;

“Stud” means a type of poker;

“Substantial Action” means two or more players acting on their hands;

“Suit” means a group of similarly colored and like symbol cards;

“Table Stakes” means a player shall only wager within the limits up to the amount of chips possessed by that player on the table in plain view before the start of any one hand;

“Tap Out” means to place all chips remaining in a player’s table stake into the pot;

“Time Collection” means the collection of money due to the house determined as a set fee per time period; and

“Wager” means an action by which a player places gaming chips into the pot on any betting round.




The ruling INLD may have pushed the Haryana Casino (Licensing and Control) Bill, 2002, down the throat of the State Assembly at a supersonic speed, the possibility of casinos seeing the light of the day during the present tenure of the Chautala government is not very bright.


Many state officers, who obviously do not want to be identified, say the process of establishing a casino is unlikely to be accelerated by the MoU which the Haryana Industrial Development Corporation signed with a London-based company, Vistastar Leisure Private Limited, even before the Cabinet and the Legislature had approved the draft Bill, specifying the state policy on establishing casinos.


It will take years for any newcomer to meet the basic requirements laid down in the Bill before applying for a licence, which can be granted to a person who owns or runs a tourist complex without a casino (clause A of subsection 1 of section 8) or ‘‘has definite plans to set up a tourist complex and conclusively establishes that he has land, financial resources, capacity and experience to execute such plans” (clause B of subsection 1 of section 8).


The Bill defines a tourist complex as ‘‘a complex set up in the state with an amusement park, a five-star hotel and a casino, or a complex offering such facilities for recreation, sports, amusement, entertainment, health and relaxation, as may be prescribed, along with a casino’’.


Informed sources say such a tourist complex cannot be set up in a period of three years, which a licencee would have to do under subsection 8 of section 8. Of course, an extension of another two years can be given to him by the Excise and Taxation Commissioner, who has been designated as the licensing authority in the Bill.


An architect, Mr Harish Gupta, says a five-star hotel having a covered area of 1 lakh sq. ft. on all floors will take at least four years to be completed if the construction is done in two shifts of eight hours each. The Assembly elections are due in early 2005.


The statements by Congress leaders Bhajan Lal and Bhupinder Singh Hooda as well as HVP President Bansi Lal that if they came to power, the casino law would be revoked, are bound to create uncertainty in the minds of proposed investors.


A lot of procedural work remains to be done. The Bill is yet to become an Act. The rules are to be framed. The Government is yet to decide how many casinos will be opened in which area of the state. Before granting a licence, the Commissioner will have to inquire if the past criminal record or prior financial or other activities of an applicant, who has to deposit a non-refundable application fee of Rs 5 lakh, ‘‘poses a threat to the public interest of the state and to the effective regulation and control of gaming or creates a danger of illegal practices….”


The Commissioner will have to refuse the licence if it is found that the applicant is ‘‘receiving a substantial amount of finances for the proposed operation from an unsuitable source’’. A meaningful inquiry into all these aspects will take months.


Of course, Haryana has a tradition of completing all Togel formalities even before a scheme is formulated. When the HVP-BJP government was in power, the State Transport Department had accepted applications from influential persons for plying buses to Rajasthan even before the two states had reached an agreement and the scheme was notified. The final scheme stipulated that permission would be granted on a first-come, first-served basis. Naturally, those influential persons whose applications were accepted before the notification of the scheme walked away with almost all route permits.


Many view the HSIDC-Vistastar MoU with suspicion in the light of the above incident.


A licencee will have to pay an annual licence fee of at least Rs 1 crore, besides a security of another Rs 1 crore.


Sources in the trade say in addition to procedural and political reasons, the casino scheme may falter for another reason also: the parallel economy of India. They say a casino cannot be run merely on the patronage of small and casual players. It needs a strong support base of those big players who can win or lose at least Rs 1 crore in one go. Such huge amount cannot come from accounted money.


Anyone putting huge bets in unaccounted money in an Indian casino may find Income Tax sleuths breathing down his neck sooner than expected. This fear may keep big Indian players, who now patronise casinos in Nepal, away from those in Indian. In Nepal the fear of the Income Tax Department does not weigh on the minds of Indian players, some of them belonging to Haryana. The trade sources say one such big player has business interests in the fields of liquor and mining in Haryana. Another big player is stated to be from a political family of the state.


The trade sources say traditional casinos now have a competitor in ‘‘on-line casinos’’. Though Indian currency is not accepted by the on-line casinos, the sources say in metropolitan cities an arrangement has been worked out by hawala racketeers. Once an Indian on-line player makes a deposit with an on-line casino through hawala operators, a code is given to him. The code works as cash card.


The ruling party defends the decision to open casinos on the argument that the additional resources so generated would help fuel social development, an argument which totally contradicts Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of the need of purity of aims as well as means.


The Opposition apprehends that the casino culture would weaken the moral fabric of the state, already under severe strain from UP and Delhi-based criminal gangs fast taking roots in Haryana. The Haryana Congress President, Mr Bhajan Lal, says the epic battle of the Mahabharata, fought on the lands of Haryana, had its genesis in gambling. The people of the state, he says, would not accept public gambling.


The Parliamentary Affairs Minister, Prof Sampat Singh, while participating in the debate on the no-confidence motion against the government in the last Assembly session, accused the Opposition of opposing the casino Bill on the grounds of morality and not on a clause-to-clause basis. He also said the Bill was not legalising gambling but was only concerned with ‘‘gaming’’. However, Prof Sampat Singh had no answer to Mr Bhajan Lal’s query that if the Chautala Government, which was in the habit of naming everything after the former Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Devi Lal, was absolutely sure that the casino scheme was morally correct, would it name the casinos after the late leader.


The Parliamentary Affairs Minister also did not elaborate how the Opposition could discuss the Bill on an clause-to-clause basis when the Deputy Speaker, who was in the chair when it was moved, went ahead with the Bill at a speed at which he could not hear the pleas of Opposition MLAs.


Prof Sampat Singh will also do a favour to all if he explains if the Bill was concerned only with ‘‘gaming’’ and not ‘‘gambling’’ or why the Government felt the necessity of amending the Public Gambling Act to allow ‘‘authorised gambling’’ in the state.




When you play in a regular game, you should be getting to know the habits, moves and plays of your competitors. Your game may have a Mick the Maniac, Russ the Rock, etc. When you’re out of a hand (which, if you play like me, is a lot of the time), you should be watching your opponents. You may pick up a tell, or you may learn how or why they make their bets and raises.

In the game that I frequent, we have a cast of characters. One of my favorites is Olma, a Russian immigrant. Now I’ve been playing with Olma for a couple of years, and I understand how she plays. When she’s in a hand – look out! She either has the nuts, or a good draw to the nuts, or draws to the nuts. When she bets she has the nuts; when she raises, she has the nuts with re-draws! Olma always buys in for the minimum (her husband doesn’t like her losing a lot). I’ve never seen her raise on the come.

A few weeks ago we were playing in the $6/$12 Omaha game (with a full kill to $12/$24). It was a kill pot, and I picked up K854. I was in late position with Olma on my right. Olma was the fourth caller, and I folded, of course. (If you’re thinking that I should have called, this is a trash hand. Yes, you have two cards to a wheel, but unless the flop is A23, you won’t like the hand much.) Seven players saw the flop: Q78. The exercise is to determine what Olma holds, given only my hand, the betting, and the Board cards. My guesses, and her actual hand, will appear at the end of this article.

On the flop, the blind checked, the next player bet, the following Togel player raised, and Olma, along with five others called (the blind folded). The turn card was the 6.

The raiser bet, the next player raised, it went fold, Olma called, call, call, and call (by the original better). The river was the intriguing 9.

The first player bet, call (with a disgusted attitude, mumbling, “What can I do?”), Olma raised, fold, call; raise by the first player, call, Olma capped it (in Southern California, a bet and 3 raises is the norm), and everyone called. So what did you think Olma held, and why, on every street?

Pre-flop, when Olma enters a hand, I know she holds A2, or A34, or a low suited Ace (up to A5) with some other back-up. In a kill pot, I expect her to hold either an A2 or A34.

Now on the flop (Q78) she cold calls two bets. Either she has the Ax (with x=3), a set of Queens (unlikely, given the raise – the raiser probably has that hand), or possibly A2T9. I’m not sure if Olma would play that hand in a kill pot.

The turn card was the 6. Again, Olma cold calls two bets. Given that this will be a split pot, Olma has the nuts (for either low or high) with a draw to the nuts the other way. I put her on A2. Another possibility was A245 (she’d have the nut low and the idiot end of the straight), but given that I held a 45 I thought that was unlikely.

The river was the 9 (making the Board Q78/6/9). Olma raised, was re-raised, and Olma capped the betting. When Olma re-raised I put her on A2; but when she was re-raised and she capped the betting it became clear, to me, that she had the straight flush and the nut low; indeed, Olma held A2JT, and got ¾ of a monster pot (the “What can I do” player also held an A2, along with a T9; the player who bet the river had the A3 and was annoyed, to put it mildly).

Now you may be thinking that the game you frequent is much tougher than my game; that none of the players have any habits or betting patterns; that it is impossible to figure out what they hold. My reply is to quote Rex Stout: Pfui!

It will take practice, but in Omaha reading your opponents is a much easier task than in hold’em. The regular denizens of your game do have habits. Start by following just one player in the session. Watch what he bets with, what he raises with, what he calls with. If necessary (to remember what’s happened), make surreptitious notes. When you get home, study the notes and look for the patterns that will be there. You’ll find that most of the players you play with have patterns. Even maniacs can have patterns: one I play with raises with garbage (about 90% of the time) and calls with his good hands.

You may not be lucky enough to have an Olma in your game, but I’m sure you have her relatives. So begin to look for the patterns in the play of your opponents, and you may be pleasantly surprised in what you find.




from Aspinalls – Aspinalls.com, the first online-only casino business to be publicly traded, has unveiled a series of high-class promotions to attract new players to its London and Caribbean Casinos.

Until the end of July, there is automatic entry into a prize draw for any potential player who downloads the software for Aspinalls.com’s London Casino or Caribbean Casino and then registers online for free membership of Aspinalls.com.

The prize is an exclusive V.I.P. trip for two to Las Vegas worth over $21,000. The trip includes first-class travel, limousine transfers, a luxury suite at a leading hotel, and a gift of $1000 to play at the hotel’s casino.

Meanwhile, every new member who deposits and plays his or her first $50 at one of the Aspinall.com casinos will automatically receive a pair of designer cufflinks in the form of silver-plated playing dice, worth $70.

Russell Foreman, CEO of Aspinalls Online plc, said, “We want players to gain the maximum enjoyment from their visits to Aspinalls.com. That means offering a superb choice of casinos and games, supported by unrivalled customer service. It also means having first-class promotions, incentives and loyalty programs in place to reward our regular members. We believe our initial set of promotions delivers just that.”

Launched on 21st June 2001, Aspinalls.com’s London and Caribbean Togel Casinos feature all the great casino table games, including Roulette, Blackjack, Craps and Baccarat along with slot machines, video poker and Keno. Each casino has its own look and feel – classic green, black and burgundy for London and lighter-hearted blue and yellow for the Caribbean. Both casinos share a minimum bet of $0.25 on the slot machines, but maximum bets differ at each – with a $2000 maximum on blackjack at the London Casino compared to $200 at the Caribbean.

To gain free membership at Aspinalls.com and automatic entry into the Las Vegas prize draw, visitors simply need to log on to the web site and install the software for the casino of their choice. The software can be downloaded directly from the site or installed from a free CD-ROM. The registration process then takes just a few minutes.

To then receive a pair of silver-plated designer cufflinks – compliments of Aspinalls.com – registered members need simply to deposit and play their first $50. Specially crafted for Aspinalls.com by a leading British designer, the cufflinks have the added benefit of unscrewing and becoming a set of playing dice in their own right.

Five Truths About Online Gambling

We’ve put together a list of the most common misconceptions about online gambling and are setting the record straight for each one. But as you’ll see, not everything is black and white in the world of Net betting.

  1. Online gambling isn’t random. – False. Online casinos use random number generators (RNGs) for all games. The RNGs are (usually) software programs that use mathematical formulas to regulate which card is dealt, where the ball drops for roulette, and where the wheel stops in slots. The number that causes a certain action has no relation to the number that came before it or the number that will come after it.

RNGs can be changed to alter the payout percentages in slots machines, but that’s up to the discretion of the casino.

  1. I’ll lose my money if my computer freezes. – False. The casino servers will attempt to complete a bet even if you accidentally go offline. If they can, the outcome of the bet will be in your account when you log back on. If the servers are unable to complete the bet, they will credit back the money you wagered for that bet.

The worst that can happen is you’ll be back where you started when you placed that particular bet. Not ideal, perhaps, but better than losing your money.

  1. The odds are better in the play for free area. – (Possibly) True. Some lower-end casino operators may manipulate their free-play games to allow more wins. The thought behind this is that players will move over to the real-money games thinking they will continue to win big.

Legitimate operators more than likely don’t do that, however. We asked MicroGaming about this, and they assured us that they use the same random number generator for both the free-play and real-money games, and that the odds are the same for all games.

  1. Someone can steal my credit card info if I give it out over the Internet. – False (and true). It is technically possible for someone to steal your credit card information while you’re buying things online or depositing money at a casino. But, and that’s a big but, the chances of that happening are pretty slim.


The only way this can happen is if you’re using a low-security browser or submitting information to a non-secure site. But you shouldn’t be doing either of those things in the first place.

The best way to protect yourself and your credit card info is to upgrade your Internet browser to 128-bit encryption. That’s the maximum available for non-governmental agencies. Check your browser’s encryption level at Intuit.com.

You should also make sure you’re playing at a casino that uses the industry-standard 128-bit SSL (secure socket layer) encryption for all financial data. That information is usually in the casino’s FAQ or Banking sections.

  1. I can actually win money gambling online. – True. It all depends on how you look at it. You can win money, but you might not make enough to retire on.

The reason why is because casinos always have an advantage over players. It’s called the house edge, and it’s how they make money. That edge varies from game to game and casino to casino, but it can range from less than a percent to several percent.

That said, lots of people make hundreds or even thousands dollars gambling online. And they have a lot of fun doing it, too. The best way to make the big bucks with a single play is at one of the many progressive jackpots out there.

Check back next week for part two of our special feature on online gambling misconceptions.




We’ve all learned to believe that the Internet has created a world without borders. When you travel from site to site on the World Wide Web, you usually don’t worry about where the pages before your eyes originate. They’re all on your screen, and as far as you’re concerned, it doesn’t matter where the actual data is stored. Add the transfer of money to the equation and suddenly the point of origin becomes extremely important. Suddenly the laws of the jurisdiction in which the service is offered become very relevant.

Through this three-part series, I’m offering a very broad overview of the 50-plus jurisdictions where the operating of Internet gambling services is either regulated or tolerated. Two weeks ago, I briefly covered the broad approach toward regulation that is taken in the Caribbean. This week we move on to the South Pacific, namely Australia.

Before getting into some of the details, I should mention that online gambling services licensed in Australia offer more assurance of fairness than sites based in any other part of the world. Further, Australia has gone to great measures to promote responsible gaming. This is mostly because gambling is extremely popular in Australia, and the increasing accessibility of gambling Down Under has resulted in a very high rate of problem gambling.

I should also mention from the get-go that gambling policy has traditionally been legislated and enforced in Australia on a state-by-state basis. The federal government, until recently (more on that in a moment), has left gambling issues in the hands of the individual states and territories.

Gambling in Australia is broken into three categories: lotteries, gaming (casino games etc.) and wagering (betting on horse races, sporting events and other miscellaneous events such as political elections or awards ceremonies). To regulate event-oriented wagering, the state governments have simply extended the same policies for regulating land-based gambling facilities to the Internet. Subsequently, several of the country’s land-based sports and race betting operations, particularly the TABs (totalisator agency boards), have launched online services to complement their terrestrial offerings. Likewise, lotteries and lottery agencies have adopted the Internet as a new distribution channel.

Regulating casinos is a whole other ball of wax because winning or losing is determined solely by the random number generation of computer software. In layman’s terms, casino games can be rigged very easily. A site could, for example, advertise a 98 percent payout schedule for a game that actually pays out at a rate of 40 percent to 50 percent. In the absence of stringent regulatory measures, doing so would be a walk in the park.

So, Australia was only willing to legalize the operating of online casinos if a set of very high standards was met. This was accomplished through the establishment of a national regulatory model, which was drafted by Australian regulators in 1997. The states and territories, with the exception of the Northern Territory, base their Internet casino gaming policies on this model. The Northern Territory adopted a comparable act that is as equally effective.

The first state to pass an Internet Togel gambling act based on the national model was Queensland, and in doing so, Queensland instantly became a model, worldwide, for how it should be done. The Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania later followed by passing laws similar to the Queensland act. The government of Victoria agreed to adopt legislation based on the national model, however, it was never enacted.

The national model seeks to accomplish two things. First it seeks to prevent, if at all possible, compulsive gambling. It does so by mandating several policies such as the requiring of players to set their loss limits before gambling, the ability and right to refuse bets from players who have exceeded these limits or exhibited other signs of problem gambling, the ability to enable family members of compulsive gamblers to have them locked out of a casinos system and the posting of ample information for how and where compulsive gamblers can get help.

Further, the national model seeks to ensure that all online casinos offer games that are fair and that they are operated by upstanding companies and individuals. It accomplishes this by outlining a detailed process for conducting extensive background checks on all companies (as well as on their key employees) that develop and operate online casinos. In terms of the fairness of the games, the national model also establishes guidelines for testing gaming software before it’s approved as well as conducting periodic audits to be after the site is up and running.

The first licensed Australian online casino to open for business was Lasseters Online (www.lasseters.com), operated by Lasseters casino of the Northern Territory. Launched in 1999, Lasseters Online is recognized by many as the most highly regulated casino on the Internet.

Then, in mid-2000, three more online casinos — www.AusVegas.com, licensed in Queensland, www.wrestpointcasino.com, licensed in Tasmania, and www.countryclubcasino.com, also licensed in Tasmania — began taking wagers over the Internet.

The three new Australia-licensed online casinos have since been shut down because the federal government has imposed a moratorium on the expansion of Internet gambling. The moratorium, officially implemented in December and still currently in effect, is retroactive to May 19, which was before the three casinos were officially launched.

This is where all the good news about gambling sites based in Australia ends and the bad news — for online gamblers — begins. During the moratorium, the federal government, which previously left all gambling matters in the hands of the states, will decide whether it will prohibit or regulate online gambling. Based on their comments and actions, those who strongly support the moratorium, particularly Communications Minister Richard Alston and Prime Minister John Howard, appear to be leaning toward a ban. The only other alternative would be for regulators to draft a revised, even more stringent, version of the national model — one that is accepted by the federal government.

If a ban is imposed, even Lasseters could be forced to shut down its online operations and gambling at online casinos based in Australia would no longer be an option for consumers concerned with game fairness. More than likely, lotteries and event wagering services would be allowed to continue offering their services online, but it’s even possible that they will be closed down too.

Let’s summarize then, shall we?

Australia-licensed online gaming sites are arguably the best places to play in terms of consumer protection. Unfortunately, the government is leaning toward prohibiting such services, thereby removing them as an option and ultimately leaving the country’s residents, as well as gamblers throughout the rest of the world, with only the option of gambling at sites which don’t offer nearly the same protection… at least until another government comes along — possibly the United States or the United Kingdom — and reestablishes the standards set by Australian regulators.

In two weeks I’ll finish this series by covering the approach toward regulating Internet gambling in Europe.