Often in HU matches, I’ll come across a player who doesn’t seem to have many leaks. He’ll raise a solid range from the BU, not play too loose OOP, and have a good mix of cbets and two barrels, as well as balanced ranges in other areas. Many when playing, whether it’s six max or HU, will play “their game.” By this I mean that they will always use the same preflop bet size, same flop bet size, same turn bet size, same lines, etc. This is fine versus mindless fish, but versus good players you’re allowing them to get comfortable and to easily balance their ranges. So instead of playing a “standard” game, to beat solid regulars you have to get them uncomfortable. You win at poker when you play against unbalanced play.

The first step to getting your opponent uncomfortable is identifying where his game is strong. I remember in one match I had versus a regular. This certain reg was normally tight/passive, which with patience can be very easy to beat. However, when I threebet him and he called in position, he would always raise my flop cbets with a balanced bitcoin roulette range: Any draws, top pair or better, some air. If I were to continue threebetting him light, general poker knowledge would tell me that I would lose: I have a weak range facing a balanced range OOP.  Many others will have balanced ranges in other areas of their game. Preflop and flop cbetting is usually balanced, as well as double barreling frequency.

So the second thing you have to do is stop playing against these players in spots where there game is solid. If someone is double barreling a solid frequency, DON’T c/c the flop with weakish hands likely to get double barreled off. If someone is shoving a solid range to your cbets in threebet pots, DON’T threebet light.


But this is about as far as many go, they make the “I’ll play tighter” adjustment. Yet, there is another important step is to make your opponent uncomfortable; take him out of his game. How do you do this? Play your ranges in such a way that forces him to make thin calls or make big bluffs.

So lets go back to the opponent who is shoving over my cbets in threebet pots with a balanced range. Well what if instead of cbetting 3/4ths to pot when I threebet, I start betting 1/4th pot or check? Let’s put ourselves in our opponents shoes. We are getting threebet light by ISF, and he checks the flop on a J74 board. With midpair, I’m afraid that he is going for a possible c/r, which I can’t call, so I check behind. Maybe I’ll even check behind top pair weak kicker. I don’t want to get blown off my draw, so I’ll check behind that. But I’ll bet my sets, overpairs, and AJ/KJ hands because maybe he’ll c/r with air and I’ll scoop a nice pot! Maybe I’ll bet air sometimes too to steal the pot.

I don’t think this is an unreasonable assessment of what our opponent may be thinking, but look at what just happened! We successfully unbalanced his range. While his betting range is balanced (He’s betting his good hands, but his checking range only contains medium strength and weak hands. So now lets say our opponent does check behind, if we bet the turn and river with a semi balanced range of air and solid hands, he is going to have to make a huge call with either mid pair or bottom pair, which much of the time is going to be incorrect!

Yet this is only one way to go about it. There are many ways so make sure to experiment.

So in summary

  1.    Find where your opponent’s play is strong.
  2.    Stop putting yourself in spots where his play is strong.
  3.    Take different/odd lines to unbalance his range.
  4.    Play super aggressive with semi balanced ranges in those spots.

Eventually, a good opponent will have to start adjusting where he checks behind some strong hands. But that’s what poker is all about! All we have to do is make another adjustment, and we have him on his heels yet again.

I know this week is complicated, but if you really get it, it’ll improve your game ten fold! If you have any questions make sure to visit my comment thread in the FTR Blogs and Operations forum.

Time for another look at the Full Tilt Leaderboards. Its early in the month, so we’ll look to see who is off to a good start.

If you’d like to follow the FTP Leaderboard results, FlopTurnRiver archives the results daily on the Full Tilt network page. You can find it here: Leaderboard-Calendar by scrolling down to the leaderboard section and choosing a day to view. Also, for today’s complete standings (top 250 in all three categories) click here:

September 7th toto hk Results.

Current September 7th Top Ten MTT Leaders

1    The Yid    3082.70

2    DimJarnaby35    2319.60

3    sprstoner    2189.10

4    isuckatcards11    2044.60

5    Rounder63    1899.90

6    truesyalose    1879.30

7    bethwolf22    1839.90

8    ThatsTheGame    1801.60

9    kjh8448    1779.70

10    sketchy1    1652.20


Familiar names occupy the top spots on the MTT Top Ten this week. Last month’s winner, The Yid, jumps out to an early lead this month on the strength of solid results in the 45-man multitable SNGs. He also turned in three 4-figure scores.

The 2nd spot is held down by last month’s runner up, DimJarnaby35. He also turned in good results in the mutitable SNGs, in addition to winning a couple satellites into last week’s $1K Monday.

Another familiar name from last month, sprstoner, had a nice MTT score to start off in 3rd this week. He finished 3rd in the $33K Guarantee (a $109 1 rebuy, 1 addon tournament) for $7,613.

A couple other notables in this week’s Top Ten are truesyalose and sketchy1. Both are well known MTT regulars and turned in some solid MTT results. Truesyalose took 3rd place in a 6-max $109 rebuy tournament for a very respectable $17,050. He also turned in four other 4-figure scores this week, good enough for 6th on the Top Ten. Sketchy1 also recorded four 4-figure scores, including a win in the Turbo Hundo good for $5,980 round out the Top Ten this week.

Current September 7th Top Ten SNG Leaders – High Limit


1    PokerToronto    8347.20

2    Mement_mori    7844.90

3    phatchoy888    6685.20

4    Whitesnake1    5964.90

5    wildjoker321    4925.20

6    culaopho    4414.30

7    adb235    4037.30

8    KVD79    3860.80

9    moneyinthebank1    3827.30

10    beanmo    3593.20


The High Limit SNG Leaderboard also has some familiar names to start off the month. PokerToronto, who finished 3rd last month, takes the top spot with a strong start this week.

Mement_mori is a new name for me. He takes the 2nd this week, despite not finishing in the top 250 for last month. A new month often brings new resolve, so we’ll see if he can continue his run this month.

A few other players that finished in the Top Ten last month also show promising starts this week, including Whitesnake1 (4th last month), culaopho (6th last month), moneyinthebank1 (2nd last month), and beanmo (5th last month).

Current September 7th Top Ten SNG Leaders – Low Limit


1    Drinking Buddy    3136.40

2    J2ThaP    2998.10

3    kjh8448    2859.70

4    pokerinsidecokr    2750.20

5    Durden86    2599.90

6    jnye34    2350.20

7    ecued    2320.80

8    WPTfuji    2279.70

9    Odin187    2161.80

10    ys0vsky    2125.80


The Low Limit SNG Leaderboard looks like its starting out as a fairly tight race, with the top 5 spots separated by only 536 points. Drinking Buddy takes the early lead, off to a nice start after finishing 245th last month. J2ThaP also shows up in last month’s Top 250, finishing 141st.

Kjy8448 is our first name from last month’s Top Ten. He holds down the #3 spot this week, having finished 5th last month. Look for him to make a solid run for the top this month. Ecued, holding down the 7th spot, is also a familiar name. He finished 10th last month and should be in play for the title this month.

There are a couple other names on the Top Ten this week that had decent results in August. Pokerinsidecokr finished 48th last month and starts out the week in the #4 spot, and WPTfuji lands the 8 spot, having finished 66th last month.




The Nevada Gaming Control Board continues to amend the regulatory draft for allowing Nevada-based online poker, aiming to provide a solid framework for the development of legal online gaming in the state.

An important part of the draft includes strong measures for ensuring that player funds remain accessible and “reasonably protected.” Specifically, 25 percent of the total player funds must remain in cash, which will be held in a federally insured financial institution. This would be a great boon to players, as issues of slow and non-payment should be eradicated under these regulations.

In a recent hearing on Thursday, November 4th, one proposal stated that player to player transfers should not be allowed by licensed operators. The concern is that players may use their poker account as a bank account, to settle debts or use for other payments. Currently, proposed online poker legislation and regulatory drafts have not laid out any specific clauses which would allow player to player transfers.

The issue of poker bots/artificial intelligence continues to be an important topic for the Board. The goal being to ensure that poker games are played between human players only. This would suggest that hand history databases that generate heads up displays at the table, such as togel Singapore Manager and PokerTracker, would not be outlawed under the current version of the draft.

The Nevada Gaming Control Board has been working diligently towards the licensing of online gambling in the state, even before Black Friday happened. March 2011 saw the Board’s approval of the first relationship between an international online gaming company (888 Holdings) and a Nevada casino licensee (Caesars Entertainment). June 10th, 2011 saw Assembly Bill 258 (AB 258) signed into law, requiring that the Nevada Gaming Commission adopt regulations to license interactive gaming in Nevada by January 31, 2012.

Jackie Glazier Earns Full Tilt Red Status

In only a few years time, Australian native Jackie Glazier has gone from tennis to mathematics to poker, seemingly without missing a beat. As it turns out, her accomplishments have not gone unnoticed by the industry leaders.

Full Tilt Poker has recently announced Glazier as the latest addition to their Red Pro team. She will now represent the company, flying the Full Tilt flag at tournaments and events.

Glazier is, in fact, the first Australian woman to earn a place among the Full Tilt elite. It’s the latest chapter in a journey which began in 2008, when she discovered a love for poker during a series of home games. Venturing into the field as a part-time player for 2009, she earned nearly $15,000. In 2010, her profits rose all the way to $89,275, on the strength of several big wins.

One of the most profitable wins of her career came in the Main Event of the 2010 WSOP. After surviving for five days, Glazier was finally eliminated in 427th place. Though disappointed that the run was at an end, she welcomed a $31,647 infusion into her bankroll. Only a month later, she would finish first at the $1,000 buy-in ANZPT Melbourne event to snag another $36,390.

Since then, she’s managed to add even more money into her all-time profit column. Glazier is highly regarded for her aggressive style of play, paired with an intelligent and genuinely skilled approach to the mechanics of the game. Already known for her proficiency in live events, it will be interesting to see her under the spotlight of the big time online tables.


Well, it took a few more days than I expected, but Florida Governor Charlie Crist signed the $1 billion gambling bill into law this afternoon. Instead of calling a news conference like usual, Crist quietly signed the legislation with only Representative Bill togel hongkong and Senator Dennis Jones, the two main sponsors of the bill, as witnesses of his signature. The bill passed the House last Tuesday and has been awaiting Crist’s signature since then.

It is likely that Crist decided to sign the bill quietly because gambling is a divisive and controversial issue, especially among conservatives. The Republican Governor is already trailing badly in the polls to challenger Marco Rubio in the Republican primary for the U.S. Senate. It is thought that the only chance Crist has is to run as an Independent candidate. Another divisive issue is not exactly what Crist wants at this point.

The $1 billion gambling deal gives the Seminole tribe exclusive rights to offer blackjack in 5 of their 7 casinos in the state of Florida. In addition, the bill finally brings the state the $435 million that Crist had already put in the education budget, meaning that money he had already spent finally exists.

The main opponents of the gambling deal were the state pari-mutuels, who were already at a competitive disadvantage to the Seminole tribe’s casinos. Now that the Seminole have exclusive rights to blackjack, the pari-mutuels worry about a loss of business leading to job cuts and eventually closures. In an effort to offset that, the bill also increases the hours the pari-mutuels can remain open and lowers their tax rate.

Next week, Governor Crist plans to do a ceremonial bill signing on a Seminole reservation with their tribal members. Now that the bill has passed the Florida legislature and been signed by the governor, the only step that remains is for it to be approved by the federal Department of the Interior, who must approve all compacts involving Native American tribes.

Blackjack Variations: Reno Rules for Doubling

Blackjack is a game that, though rather simple in its basic form, has enough variations to make it complex and constantly evolving. All the time I am learning about new rules or side bets offered at certain blackjack tables. Each rule change carries different odds, though, and affects the house edge. Before playing any blackjack game, whether at an online casino or the brick and mortar variety, it is important to know what your odds are and how the game is played.

Doubling rules are common variations for blackjack games. While the most beneficial rule is that the player can double down on any hand (as long as he hasn’t already doubled), sometimes only certain hands can be doubled. Any blackjack games that only allow certain hands to be doubled are said to use “Reno rules.”

The most common Reno rules are that you can only double on hands of nine through eleven or ten and eleven. At these blackjack games, you can only double down if your first two cards fall within that range. If you can only double a 9-11, that increases the house edge by anywhere from 0.09% with an 8-deck game to 0.15% fir a single-deck game. This rule is fairly common with online blackjack.

If you can only double down on a hand of 10 or 11, the odds are even worse. Those blackjack games increase the house edge by anywhere from 0.17% with an 8-deck game to 0.26% with a single-deck game.

Whether you are playing online blackjack or blackjack at a brick and mortar casino, it is important to know all of the rules ahead of time. It helps you to know which decisions to make and it can also help you decide whether you want to play at all. Believe me, there are some blackjack games where the rules are so bad I would never consider playing. For that reason, always make sure you know the rules ahead of time and if you have a variety of blackjack games to choose from, pick one with rules that are the most beneficial to the player.




Slot machines are pretty simple. A random number generator (RNG) picks three random numbers, each of which corresponds to a stop on each reel, then machine spins the reels so that they stop on the spots selected by the RNG. The principle is the same for five-line video slots: five random numbers, one for each wheel.

Note that by the time the reels are spinning, the game is already over. The RNG has already selected the reels, and the reels spin sort of as a courtesy to the player. Slot machines don’t even need reels — you could just put your money in and the machine could tell you whether you won or lost. The presence of the reels makes no difference in the game.

The reels are weighted so that some symbols are more likely to hit than others. For example, the slot may pick a random number from 1-127, which selects the symbols as follows:

Selected Number

Corresponding Symbol


Blank (positions between reels)


Single Bar


Double Bar

… (etc.)

… (etc.)


Jackpot Symbol

This is not the actual chart for any slot I know of, just an example of the concept. If there are 22 stops on the wheel (11 symbols and 11 blanks between the symbols), you don’t have a 1 in 22 chance of hitting the jackpot symbol on a given reel. It’s more like 1 in 64. Obviously, this is really deceptive. If they were honest, casinos would have a disclaimer on each machine saying “Odds of hitting any symbol are not proportional to the number of symbols on the reel,” or something like that.

By the way, each reel is typically weighted differently. That’s why you’re more likely to get jackpot symbols on the first and second reels (building the suspense) while failing to hit the symbol on the third reel.

The RNG is always working, even when you’re not playing, picking 168bet thousands of 3-number combinations per second. The moment you press the button or pull the lever, the RNG picks its 3 numbers. So if you someone hits a jackpot on a machine you were just playing, relax, you wouldn’t have gotten it had you kept playing.

The odds of hitting the jackpot on a typical slot are about 262,144 to 1. The odds are the same on every spin. It doesn’t matter if the machine has been played for months or years without hitting the jackpot, the odds of hitting the jackpot on the next spin are ALWAYS the same. No slot is ever “due” to hit a jackpot.

If you don’t believe me, try this experiment: Flip a coin until you’ve flipped three Heads in a row. At this point Tails should be “due”, right? It’s not. Flip again and write down the result. Repeat the whole process, flipping until you’ve had three Heads in a row, then flipping again and recording the result. Do this until you have 50-100 results. You’ll see that you’re no more likely to get Tails after three Heads than you are to get a fourth Head. Likewise, a machine that’s been played for a year without hitting a jackpot is no more likely to hit the jackpot soon than one that’s been played for a week without hitting it.


Windows Casino features 15 different video poker machines, all of them offering payouts of more than 98% plus the best paying video poker machine you can find online: Their Joker Poker machine with a payout of 100.18%. They have pretty good odds on all of their games. The customer service and payment processing is usually very fast. The graphics load fast and look great. Their downloadable software is fast, fun, and easy to use. As a sponsor of the Blackjack World Championship, they are giving free blackjack software for your Palm Pilot, Visor or other Palm OS device. Windows Casino has been certified and approved by the EGC (Electronic Gaming Commission) and has received a Platinum Rating from Safe Bet.

Bonus Slot Gacor Hari Ini

20% bonus within 24 hours regardless of any wagering you have conducted. You need to wager 3.5 times the bonus + deposit amount to redeem the bonus. For example after you received $10 as a bonus, you have to wager 3.5 times $10 + $50 = $210 to be able to cash. $10 Invite-A-Friend promotion. Win a trip to Monte Carlo or a Ferrari. Special weekend promotions, where they double your jackpot payments and give you additional bonuses.



Windows Casino does not offer many slots. The redemption procedure gets complicated when withdrawing more than $200: You have to provide them with a fax containing a copy of your driver’s license, credit card statement, and utility bill. They claim they are “certified” by Safe Bet which has three levels of certification: Platinum, Gold and Silver. Only casinos which use the same software as Windows Casino are in the  two categories; in fact, all the casinos using this software are in there.


Financial Information

Casino displays the official seal of approval of the EGC (Electronic Gaming Commission). Windows Casino is an authorized CompECash Merchant. CompECash accepts Visa and MasterCard. Charges will appear as SF-COMPECASH on your credit card statement. Withdrawal requests are processed within 7 days from the date of request.

Deposit: Accepted are CompECash, Pay Pal, Western Union (20% Bonus on any deposit), VISA and Master Card.

Withdrawal: Payments are made by first crediting the maximum amount possible to your credit card (except Master Card). Additional winnings will be sent by bank check or bank wire. One free check a month. Additional checks cost $15. Over night delivery checks over $500 are free. They use Pay Pal and Western Union as well.



Runs on Windows only and a download is required at just over 12 MB for a complete casino. You first are offered to download the basic part of the casino and add desired games later on. Windows Casino was developed by Real Time Gaming (See RTG Review).



Windows Casino is operating under a gaming license granted by the government of Costa Rica. Established, licensed, and fully functional since 6/17/2000. To have a license means that Windows Casino is able to yearly deposit enough money (approximately US $50,000 up to US $100,000 per annum), pay the taxes (of about 2,5% up to 5%), and is hence subject to the control of the government of Costa Rica.




Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoIn baccarat the best bet is always on the banker and the fewer the decks the better the banker bet is. Windows Casinos uses six decks, so the casino’s edge on a banker bet is 1.06% and 1.24% on a player bet. There are other casinos using only one deck, which on the one hand lowers the house edge to 1.01% on a banker bet, but on the other hand increases the house edge on a player bet up to 1.29%. These differences in percentage do not seem large, but they do have a considerable impact on play in real life.

Dealt and played using “standard” rules, a Baccarat

winning Banker bet is charged a 5% commission. Ties pay 9:1 which really is wonderful since it lowers the casino’s advantage from 15.75% (14.44% in 6-deck and 14.36% in 8-deck baccarat) down to 4.93%. Not many online casinos offer this generous payout on ties. The table limits are set to $5-$200 which is standard since you might want to bet big when playing baccarat and you certainly will find online casinos offering higher maximum table limits. To sum it up it can be said that Windows Casino’s baccarat game is very good because of the good odds for the player but not the right place for high rollers. Play


Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoSet: Windows Casinos uses at least 4 decks which is pretty bad, because as more decks are used as more difficult it gets to keep track of the cards. Betting Limits are $5-$200 which is not too good because you cannot bet less than $5 so you run the risk to loose your money more quickly. Another thing is that you might want to bet more than $200. Some other online casinos offer you to bet as high as $2,000. The house edge is 0.58% which is exceptionally bad because almost every other online casinos will offer you better odds.

Rules: The dealer hits on soft 17 (Ace & 6) which Blackjack (One Deck)

again is not too good since it gives the dealer more chances to draw closer to a 21. Most online casinos permit the dealer to hit on soft 17. Doubling down is allowed on any two cards which is better than what land based casinos offer you but standard when it comes to online casinos. You can double down after you split pairs which is a very good option. Pairs may be split to 3 hands which is excellent and lots of fun. Because there is no insurance or surrender offered all bets are lost if the dealer gets a blackjack which is a little unfair since many other online casinos offer you one of these options if not both. There are better blackjack games online. Play

Caribbean Poker

Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoThe basic house edge for this game is 5.22% which doesn’t make it look competitive compared to other games. American Roulette has a slightly worse house edge though. Windows Casino makes this game interesting because they offer you a side bet of $1 for which you will Caribbean Stud

receive an additional payoff for certain paying hands (flush or better). And only when the jackpot is very high the house edge decreases enough to really make it worth a try. When you review the payoff chart keep in mind that some casinos offer you a 999:1 payout for a Royal Flush. There certainly are casinos with much better Caribbean Poker games. Play



Hand Payoff

Royal Flush 100:1

Straight Flush 50:1

4 of a Kind 20:1

Full House 7:1

Flush 5:1

Straight 4:1

3 of a Kind 3:1

2 pair 2:1

1 pair 1:1


Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoWindows Casino offers 2X odds: if you bet $10 on the pass-line (bet, that the player will win) you can wager $20 behind it (increase your original bet after the dice have been thrown). To wager behind is what a good craps player will do and a criteria of a good craps game is how many odds the casino offers you. As the amount of allowed odds increases, the house advantage decreases considerably. When making the odds bet 1X for example – as most online casinos do – the house edge is 0.85%. When making the odds bet 2X – as Windows Casino does – the house edge is cut down to 0.45% already. But Windows Casino does not exactly offer the 2x odds the way land-based casinos do: 2X usually means that Craps

you can bet twice the amount you could win. So if the odds are 2x and you bet $10 on the pass-line, you could win $20 and wager $40 behind it. Because Windows Casino does not follow the real rules – as almost no online casino does – the basic house edge is 0.58% for pass-line-bets. A 4% commission is charged on all winning buy and lay bets, based on the amount won which is excellent since most other online casinos will charge you more on those bets. They also offer place bets to lose with some unconventional payoffs, 2 to 5 on the 4 and 10, 3 to 5 on the 5 and 9, and only 9 to 20 on the 6 and 8. The betting limits are $5 – $1,000 which is excellent in combination with the 2X Odds.


Odds Scale




Pass / Come and Buying 0.57%

Don’t Pass / Don’t Come and Laying 0.56%

Place to win on 4,10 6.67%

Place to win on 5,9 4.00%

Place to win on 6,8 1.52%

Place to lose on 4,10 6.67%

Place to lose on 5,9 4.00%

Place to lose on 6,8 20.91%

Buy on 4,10 2.67%

Buy on 5,9 2.40%

Buy on 6,8 2.18%

Lay on 4,10 1.33%

Lay on 5,9 1.60%

Lay on 6,8 1.82%


Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoThere are 80 balls from which 20 are drawn. You can pick up to 15 numbers which is rather rare, because usually you can pick a maximum of 10 numbers only, whether you are talking about land-based or online casinos. The average payout for Windows


Casino’s keno game is nearly 85% (83.89% for all 10 picks and 84.52% when not counting the pick 1 which always pays 75% only). This payout ratio is almost excellent since both land-based and online casinos generally pay back about 70% – 75% on average. There are other online casinos offering a payout of nearly 95%. Play


Match 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2

1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

2 – 14 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

3 – – 40 4 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

4 – – – 150 13 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 – – – – 800 100 30 10 5 2 0 0 0 0 0

6 – – – – – 1800 400 120 60 25 10 5 2 2 0

7 – – – – – – 8000 1600 300 150 100 40 22 10 12

8 – – – – – – – 30000 4000 1200 500 250 85 45 30

9 – – – – – – – – 50000 10000 2500 1200 600 350 120

10 – – – – – – – – – 100000 25000 5000 3700 1100 300

11 – – – – – – – – – – 100000 25000 12000 8000 2800

12 – – – – – – – – – – – 100000 50000 25000 25000

13 – – – – – – – – – – – – 100000 50000 50000

14 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 100000 100000

15 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 100000


in % 75.00 84.18 83.25 84.51 84.10 81.42 85.16 85.41 85.03 86.64 86.75 84.31 82.70 85.41 84.42


Best Pick

Windows Casino’s best keno game is the Pick 11, with a return of 86.75%.

Windows Casino’s Pick 11

Match Casino pays Happens every Returns

0 0 x 31st 00.00%

1 0 x 7th 00.00%

2 0 x 4th 00.00%

3 0 x 4th 00.00%

4 0 x 6th 00.00%

5 0 x 13th 00.00%

6 10 x 49th 20.20%

7 100 x 277th 36.09%

8 500 x 2,431rd 20.57%

9 2,500 x 35,244th 07.09%

10 25,000 x 945,181st 02.64%

11 100,000 x 62,381,978th 00.16%

numbers amount wagered game 86.75%

of your money


Limits are $1, $5, and $10 which is very good, because it sets the maximum win to US $1,000,000 (One Million US Dollar). Other online casinos do not offer such a big payout on the maximum matches.

Let It Ride

Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoThe basic house edge for this game is 3.5%. What makes this game interesting is the side bet of $1 for which you will receive an additional payoff for certain paying hands and get the chance to win the progressive jackpot (steadily increasing). Because Windows Casino’s pay schedule is based on a progressive meter the house edge Pai Gow Poker

varies greatly. If the jackpot is small, the house edge is huge (sometimes up to 70%). Actually this is a sucker bet that should be avoided. We would advise you only to play here if the jackpot is big enough. Besides, the casino can choose which of two different pay tables it wants to use. So stay alert and check it from time to time.  Table Limits are $5-$250. Play

Hand Payout Payout 2 Bonus Payout

Royal Flush 500 : 1 1000 : 1 100% of Jackpot

Straight Flush 100 : 1 200 : 1 10% of Jackpot

4 of a Kind 25 : 1 50 : 1 50 : 1

Full House 15 : 1 11 : 1 11 : 1

Flush 10 : 1 8 : 1 8 : 1

Straight 5 : 1 5 : 1 5 : 1

3 of a Kind 3 : 1 3 : 1 3 : 1

Two Pair 2 : 1 2 : 1 2 : 1

10’s or Better 1 : 1 1 : 1 1 : 1

Pai Gow Poker

Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoPai Gow Poker at Windows Casino is played with a deck of 53 cards: the standard 52 cards plus a Joker. The Joker may be used to complete a five-card flush, straight, or straight flush. A winning hand is paid even money and charged a 5% commission. In this version of Pai Gow Poker, the banker (or house) always plays as the dealer and covers all bets, and the player only competes against the dealer which holds the house edge at 2.86%. Actually only a Pai Gow Poker game where the Pai Gow Poker

casino alternates the turn of the banker is good. It sets the house edge at 1.46%. Here is why: in the event of an exact match between hands, called a copy, the tie goes to the banker which sets the house edge at 0.08%! (The probability that the front hands will copy is 2.55%. The probability that the back hands will copy is 0.32%). Some online casinos rotate the turn of the banker, so I would suggest you rather look out for online casinos which offer you this kind of Pai Gow Poker. Table Limits are $5-$200. Play

Red Dog

Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoThis is a simple game where the player makes an ‘ante’ , then two cards are chosen and you may raise your bet if you think a third card will fit in between the first two. You are given certain payouts for certain spreads. The spread is the number of ranks between two given cards. For example, the spread between a five and an eight is two. The maximum spread is eleven.

1 card spread pays 5 : 1

2 card spread pays 4 : 1

3 card spread pays 2 : 1

4 or more card spread pays 1 : 1

Three of a kind pays 11 : 1

Red Dog

The game itself is difficult to find these days in land-based casinos and not all online casinos offer Red Dog. In Red Dog the greater the number of decks the better the odds are for the player. This is because of the greater probability of drawing the right card or a three of a kind, which pays 11:1. Since Windows Casinos uses only 2 decks the house edge is 3.08% which we consider too high to play here since there are online casinos playing Red Dog with 8 decks, cutting the house edge down to 2.75%. Limits are $5-$250. Play


Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoThis is a ‘European’ wheel with a single zero, so the casino’s advantage is 2.7%. Windows Casino does not use the ‘la partage’ rule: the player loses only half the bet on the ‘outside’ bets should one of the zeros come up (the ‘outside’ bets are high, low; red, black; odd and even). Also called the ‘en prison’ rule. If Windows Casino used this rule, the casino’s edge on those bets would be cut down to 1.3%. If you are an outside bettor, who likes to bet on  high, low, red, black, odd or even only, you should play the American roulette version in Roulette

another casino, since it offers slightly better odds for those bets (2.63%). But if you prefer to bet on all bets alike, you really should play the European roulette, since the house edge here is 2.7% on all bets. Consider that inside bets offer far better payouts than outside bets, so bet the middle 12 once in a while. The betting limits vary according to the type of bet. They are $5-$200 on the inside bets and $5-$250 on the outside bets. If you would like to bet higher, go to Global-Player Casino. You can bet up to $6,000 there. Play


software-unifiedgaming_slots.htmIt is difficult to calculate the payout probabilities of slot machines without knowing how many times a certain symbol appears on each real. You could sit in front of the machine, pull the lever 10,000 times and write the results down or rely on the information that Slots

Windows Casino gives you. Their Slots payouts are audited by PWC (PriceWaterhouseCoopers) and reported to be 98.24% which is excellent since you probably will have a hard time finding an online casino with better slots payouts. They do not offer many nor do they have progressive slot machines which is a petty. Betting denominations are 5c, 25c, 50c, $1, or $5. Play

Windows Casino Slot Machines


Type Reels

Lines Winning

Comb. Wild

Symb. Bonus

Screen Den.  Prize Play

Sevens & Stripes 3/1 8 No No 5c – $5 10,000 Play

Diamond Mine Deluxe 3/1 7 Yes No 5c – $5 3,000 Play

Diamond Mine 3/1 8 No No 5c – $5 2,500 Play

Lucky Lightnin’ 3/1 8 No No 5c – $5 2,500 Play

777 Inferno 3/1 8 No No 5c – $5 1,000 Play

Video Poker

Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoWindows Casino features a set of 15 different video poker machines, all of them offering a very good payout of 98% and more. They even have the best Video Poker

paying machine on the net which is their Joker Poker machine offering a payout of 100.18%. Windows Casino is definitely the right place for video poker players. Play

Theoretical Return

Name Type MaxPay MaxCoins MinCoins Play

Joker Poker 7/5 5,000 100.18% 98% Play

Jacks or Better 8/5 4,000 99.54% 98.4% Play

Double Jackpot 8/5 4,000 99.40% 97.8% Play

Double Bonus 10/7 4,000 99.37% 97.5% Play

Bonus Poker 8/5 4,000 99.17% 97.7% Play

Sevens Wild 3/2 4,000 99.11% 96.8% Play

Loose Deuces 3/2 4,000 99.07% 97.8% Play

2x Double Jackpot 9/6 4,000 98.95% 97.8% Play

Deuces Wild 4/3 4,000 98.91% 97.9% Play

Pick ’em Poker 15/15 6,000 98.74% 94.4% Play

Bonus Deuces Wild 4/3 4,000 98.65% 98.5% Play

Aces & Eights 7/5 4,000 98.63% 92.0% Play

2x Double Bonus 9/6 4,000 98.49% 97.8% Play

Bonus Poker Deluxe 8/6 4,000 98.49% 96.2% Play

All American 8/8 4,000 98.49% 97.4% Play


Casino Reviews: Windows CasinoEach player and the dealer get one card. If your card is higher you win even money. If the dealer’s card is higher you lose. If it is a tie you can surrender and lose your bet (only half the bet when played in land-based casinos) or go to war: You double your bet and play another game. If your second card equals or beats the dealer you win even money on the total wager (in land-based casinos you win even money on the raise only and get back your original wager). If the dealer’s second card is greater you lose both bets. You can bet War

on a tie from the start as well, which pays 10:1 if the first two cards tie. The house edge on the tie bet is 18.65% though. The basic house edge depends on the number of decks used and lies between 2.42% (1 deck) and 2.9% (8 decks). Windows Casino uses only 1 deck which is very good since it sets the basic house edge at 2.42% where most land-based casinos use 6 decks offering a house edge of 2.88%. There are online casino offering you a 3:1 payout on ties after going to war and using only 1 deck which sets the basic house edge at 0.66%!




I have saved Double Bonus to the last, because I think it is the most difficult machine to play correctly. The high payoff for flushes (35 coins) means that three-card flushes come into play. The high payoff for straights (25 coins) mean that inside straights are more important, also. The result is there are a lot of things to think of when you a dealt your five cards. Here is the full-pay table:


Royal Flush 4000 1.66% 1 in 48048

Four Aces 800 3.18% 1 in 5030

Straight Flush 250 0.56% 1 in 8841

Four of a Kind (5-K) 250 8.03% 1 in 622

Four of a Kind (2, 3, 4) 400 4.19% 1 in 1908

Full House 50 11.18% 1 in 89

Flush 35 10.46% 1 in 67

Straight 25 7.50% 1 in 67

Three of a Kind 15 21.65% 1 in 14

Two Pair 5 12.46% 1 in 8

Jacks or Better 5 19.23% 1 in 5

Loss     1 in 1.7

TOTAL 100.17%

If you were to simply play the normal Jacks-or-Better strategy on a Double Bonus machine, you would be giving up about one half of a percent back to the casino. I have an expert strategy sheet for Double Bonus that has the complete strategy. Here is a summary of some of the differences between it and Jacks-or-Better:

If you have a pat full house with three aces, you discard the pair to go for the aces alone. Surprisingly, though, this is the only major modification that the four aces mini-jackpot induces. If you have two pair with a pair of aces, you still hold both pairs. If you have three high cards in different suits, you still save the lower two. I recommend that you save the single ace when you have ace-king, ace-queen, or ace-jack in different suits, but that is a very close call: it actually depends on what other cards you have. If you were to play it the other way, the net effect is negligible.

You save the four-card flush, not the three card royal flush, if you have a choice. I suspect this is the main reason that this game is the least likely to give you a royal flush (1 in 48,000).

You go for an outside straight rather than save a losing pair.

A “less than zero gap” three-card straight flush is also better than a losing pair, unless the pair is 2’s, 3’s, or 4’s. How can you have a straight flush with less than zero gaps, you ask? The hands are queen-jack-nine and jack-ten-nine. Remember, in my “gap method”, you count -1 gap for every high card you hold.

With inside straights, a lot depends on how many high Slot Gacor cards are in the straight. The three and four high card inside straights (ace-king-queen-jack, ace-x-x-ten or king-queen-jack-nine) are better than two-card royal flushes. The one and two high card inside straights (jack-x-x-seven, queen-x-x-eight,  ace-x-x-four, or ace-x-x-five) are inferior to two-card royal flushes, but preferrable to saving a pair of non-suited high cards.

You must take into account three-card flushes, and this gets complicated. With two high cards in the flush, you go for the flush instead of the two-card royal flush, except for QJ. With one high card in the flush, you go for the flush instead of two non-suited high cards, except for QJ, KQ, and KJ.

You rarely discard five cards. If you have no high cards, inside straights and three-card flushes come back into play, in that order.

If you play perfectly, this game is very slightly in your favor. However, it is often possible to find dollar machines with this payoff. (Dollar machines for full-pay Deuces Wild or Jokers Wild have disappeared, as near as I can tell.) If you play a dollar Double Bonus machine, your expected return per hour is almost exactly the same as a Deuces Wild quarter machine. But, if the casino has a slot club, playing dollars will get you significantly more benefits. Beware, though, this is a very high variance game! If you do not hit fours of a kind, you will lose quickly. It is not that unusual to be down $1000 after an evening at dollar Double Bonus. Trust me on that.

Double Bonus Payoff Variations

Many casinos on the Strip in Vegas will make one modification to the payoff table: they will pay 45 for a full house, not 50. This does not affect the strategy, but it does affect the return of the game significantly–1.11% more for the casino. If I am playing one of these games, I have been known to do something that some people might find silly: if I hit a full house, I will pay myself the missing 5 coins. (Like many people, I keep my gambling money separate from my regular cash.) After an hour, this might mean I will have transferred $7 or $8 into the gambling funds. This helps remind me how small a 1% difference in return really makes, at least in the short haul. Compared to whether or not I have been lucky or unlucky in the session, the $7 or $8 seems almost inconsequential. Nonetheless, all of us who write about video poker–and I may be the worst offender–sweat over percentages that are much smaller. For example, I re-did my Double Bonus strategy because my first version had an error of 0.03%. I mention this only to help you keep a sense of perspective on this whole thing. The purpose is to have fun, not berate yourself for every mistake.


Splitter2 Software


AAAA Casino was developed by World Gaming.

Splitter2 Minus points


Shot AAAA Casino is / was using World Gaming software. World Gaming’s auditor was found guilty of securities fraud, wire fraud, money laundering, racketeering, conspiracy and racketeering conspiracy, and was sentenced to 108 months (9 years) in a federal penitentiary. Additionally there have been many non-payments complaints by many players that have been playing at World Gaming Internet casinos. All of this does not mean that every casino using World Gaming software is crooked. But it is reason enough to stay alert. You can find cetified casinos that have never caused any troubles in our Directory.


Negativity degree: 3 (0 = little problems)


Please read: Shouldn’t I play at “AAAA Casino”?

Splitter2 Licence


AAAA Casino is owned by Isis Enterprises Inc.. AAAA Casino operates under a gaming licence granted by the government of Antigua & Barbuda. Established, licensed, and fully functional since 7/1/1999. To have a gaming license means that a casino is able to 1) deposit enough money yearly as a financial backup for players (approximately US $50,000 up to US $100,000 per annum), 2) pay the taxes (of about 2,5% up to 5%)


A Sexy Sports Casino


Splitter2 Software


A Sexy Sports Casino was developed by World Gaming.

Splitter2 Minus points


Shot A Sexy Sports Casino is / was using World Togel Singapore Gaming software. World Gaming’s auditor was found guilty of securities fraud, wire fraud, money laundering, racketeering, conspiracy and racketeering conspiracy, and was sentenced to 108 months (9 years) in a federal penitentiary. Additionally there have been many non-payments complaints by many players that have been playing at World Gaming Internet casinos. All of this does not mean that every casino using World Gaming software is crooked. But it is reason enough to stay alert. You can find cetified casinos that have never caused any troubles in our Directory.


Negativity degree: 3 (0 = little problems)


Please read: Shouldn’t I play at “A Sexy Sports Casino”?

Splitter2 Licence


It is not known whether this casino is licenced or not. To have a gaming license means that a casino is able to 1) deposit enough money yearly as a financial backup for players (approximately US $50,000 up to US $100,000 per annum), 2) pay the taxes (of about 2,5% up to 5%), and hence 3) is subject to the control of the government that issued the gaming licence in case of any disputes.


Aces Palace Casino


The games at Aces Palace Casino were fast-loading, very stable, attractive and operated well on most systems even though they weren’t of the download type. They offered penny slots and progressive jackpots at their slots and Caribbean Stud Poker, low $1 minimum wagers on Blackjack, Spanish 21, and Caribbean Stud and a great variety of games including Pull Tabs, Big Six Wheel, Table Poker and Battle Royal. All checks were sent for free. Any problems would be solved in real-time with a chat-type program. Historically, players have not had any difficulty with Aces Palace Casino.



No Download bonuses, comps or promotions anymore.



Aces Palace Casino has been sold to Game Time Casino. Your current username and password will work at Game Time Casino. Go to Game Time Casino.


This casino is blacklisted. Blacklist reasons:

Aces Palace Casino can / could adjust the payout percentage of certain or all games individually and cheat big time this way.

Aces Palace Casino is / was using GamblingSoftware.com software. It has been proven that GamblingSoftware.com’s video poker games can be set to fixed payout percentages that are not reflected in the payout tables. Additionally there have been many non-payment complaints by players that have been playing at Gamblingsoftware.com Internet casinos. Many GamblingSoftware.com casinos do not keep your data confidential and sell it to spammers. All of this does not mean that every casino using GamblingSoftware software is crooked. But it is reason enough to stay alert. You can find cetified casinos that have never caused any troubles in our Directory.

Financial Info


Aces Palace Casino accepted VISA and Master Card, credit- and debit cards with Visa or Master Card connection, Paypal, Bank Wire and Personal Checks. Personal identity and details of all members – including name, address, phone number, email address and wagering history – remained completely confidential, and were never given, reported or sold to any third party. All accounts were limited to max. deposits of $1,000 per day and $3,000 per month. The min. deposit was $5. Winnings have been credited back to your credit card up to the amount that was originally deposited. Any exceeding amounts have been sent via cashiers check for free. Aces Palace Casino can send your check via FedEx for a courier fee of $55.



Aces Palace Casino was developed by GamblingSoftware (Go to our casino software section)



  • Big Six Money Wheel
  • Blackjack
  • Poker [Caribbean]
  • Craps
  • Poker [Pai Gow]
  • Scratch Cards
  • Red Dog
  • Roulette [American]
  • Slots
  • Blackjack [Spanish 21]
  • Poker [5 Card Draw]
  • Video Poker
  • War
  1. Definitions


1.1 In these rules, unless the contrary intention appears:

“Action” means a player acting in turn;

“All-in” means a player has invested all of his/her remaining chips in the outcome of a hand. His/her bet cannot be more than a legal bet, or a legal bet and raise, if a raise is an option. He/she can only win that portion of the pot in which he/she contributed chips plus an equal amount of chips from each player remaining in the pot;

“Ante” means a predetermined contribution to the pot by all players before any cards are dealt in a hand;

“Bet” means a player’s wager;

“Betting Round” means a complete cycle from the first bettor to the last person to call;

“Blind” means a designated bet placed before the first card is dealt. The blind is a live bet which can win the pot if not called or raised;

“Boxed Card” means a card found face up in the deck;

“Burn” means the dealer removing the top card from the deck before the start of a dealing round;

“Burn Card” means a card which is removed from the top of the deck by the dealer without exposing its value and placed face down, separate from the Togel discards before the start of a round;

“Button” means an object on the table which designates the dealer or last player to act in a round. The button is moved one position in a clockwise rotation at the conclusion of each hand;

“Buy-in” means the purchase of chips before the start of a hand;

“Call” means placing a bet equal to the highest legal bet in that round or going all-in if remaining chips are less than the size of that bet. In games where there are blind bets the first player to act after the initial deal shall call by placing a bet equal to the last blind bet;

“Cap” means the maximum amount of rake or commission to be collected;

“Cards Speak” means that any hand placed open and flat on the table shall be read by the dealer and can be announced by any player at the table. A player need not correctly identify his/her hand to win if the above conditions have been met;

“Casino Supervisor” means a person who is responsible for the supervision and management of gaming operations;

“Check” means not initiating a bet but retaining all rights to act in the event a bet is made. A check shall only be an option if no blind is placed or bet made;

“Chemmy Shuffle” means cards mixed face down on the table with a circular motion of the hands;

“Commission” (also known as “rake”) means the percentage of the pot due to the house or the amount due to the house for hosting the game;

“Community Cards” means cards dealt face upward which can be used by all players to complete their best possible hand;

“Cut” means to divide the deck into two face-down stacks and then reunite them by locating the former bottom stack on the former top stack without changing the order of the cards within each stack;

“Cutting Card” means a card which cannot be construed as a playing card to be placed under the bottom card of the deck before dealing;

“Dead Button” means a dealer button in front of an empty seat to adjust the movement of the blind so that each person pays the correct amount of blind;

“Dead Hand” means a hand that has no claim to the pot;

“Deal” means the distribution of playing cards to the players;

“Dealer” means a casino employee who distributes all cards and handles all pot duties, but does not have a financial stake or receive a hand;

“Defective Deck” means a deck that contains: an incorrect number of cards for the games in progress; duplicate cards; jokers; five or more boxed cards; two or more different back designs or colors; cards in play which have become marked, scratched or can be read without looking at the face; manufacturing imperfections; or any problem with the deck the management considers detrimental to the security and integrity of the game;

“Down card” means a card dealt face downward;

“Draw” means a type of poker or the taking of additional cards by a player as in Draw Poker;

“Drop” means the amount of rake or commission for the game;

“Drop Slide” means a device attached to the table which is used for the placement and dropping of the commission into the drop box;

“Fee per Hand” means the collection of money due to the house determined as a set fee per hand dealt;

“Fixed Bet” means a bet must be of a designated amount. Also known as a structured bet;

“Flexible Bet” means a bet can be of varying size within fixed parameters. Also known as spread limit;

“Flop” means three community cards dealt face downward and turned face upward simultaneously;

“Fold” means to surrender a hand or refuse to call a bet;

“Forced Bet” means a mandatory bet for the purpose of starting a pot;

“Head to Head” means where only two active players remain in the betting round;

“Hand” means one game in a series, one deal, the cards held by a player, cards retained by a player entitling him/her to participate in the action or the combination of cards necessary to win a pot;

“Hold-em” means a type of poker;

“Hole Cards” means a player’s concealed cards;

“House” means the casino operator;

“Limits” means the range or structure of the betting;

“Manila” means a type of poker;

“Misdeal” means a hand dealt incorrectly or the action of dealing a hand incorrectly;

“Muck” means the discard pile;

“No Limit” means no constraint is placed on the maximum size of any bet or raise;

“Omaha” means a type of poker;

“Open” means making the first betting action;

“Opener” means the person who makes the first betting action;

“Over-blind Bet” means a voluntary blind immediately to the left of the last blind and double the amount of the previous blind;

“Poker Room Supervisor” means a person who is responsible for the supervision and management of gaming operation and who has successfully completed all modules of an approved poker training program;

“Pot” means the sum of the antes, blinds and called wagers;

“Raise” means a bet within the table limits, that is an implicit call plus an amount in excess of the previous bet or raise by at least as large an amount, except in the case of an all-in raise. An all-in raise less than a full raise shall not be considered foundation for any subsequent raises, which must revert to the previous full bet or raise to constitute the next minimum amount of raise. In such a case, the highest total of any one bet in the round would be considered the “call” amount, with the raise then added to that total;

“Rake” (also known as “commission”) means the act of taking the percentage of the pot due to the house or the amount due to the house for hosting the game;

“Round” means the cycle of bets made by the players following the deal of the cards, or a series of cards or hands dealt;

“Showdown” means determining the winner of the pot after the completion of all betting;

“Side Pot or Side Pots” means a separate pot or pots created in a game of poker due to one or more players being all-in;

“Spread Limit” means a bet can be of varying size within fixed parameters;

“Structured Limit” (also known as “fixed bet”) means a bet shall be of a designated amount;

“Stud” means a type of poker;

“Substantial Action” means two or more players acting on their hands;

“Suit” means a group of similarly colored and like symbol cards;

“Table Stakes” means a player shall only wager within the limits up to the amount of chips possessed by that player on the table in plain view before the start of any one hand;

“Tap Out” means to place all chips remaining in a player’s table stake into the pot;

“Time Collection” means the collection of money due to the house determined as a set fee per time period; and

“Wager” means an action by which a player places gaming chips into the pot on any betting round.




11.1 All wagers placed with a casino operator shall be paid, taken or disposed of by the casino operator strictly in accordance with the applicable rules. A player’s entitlement to winnings shall be governed by and determined in accordance with the rules, irrespective of any overpayment by the casino operator, and the casino operator shall be entitled to recover any such overpayment.

11.2 The casino operator shall ensure that all winning wagers are paid in chips, unless the rules of the game or approved procedures specifically permit payment by other means.

11.3 Subject to the application of any rule or approved procedure permitting the payment of winnings otherwise than by means of chips, where it is not possible to pay the exact amount of winnings in chips, the winnings shall be increased to the next highest amount in which payment can be made in chips.


  1. Unclaimed Wagers and Winnings


12.1 Players are responsible for claiming and collecting wagers and winnings due to them pursuant to these rules.

12.2 Where a wager is, or winnings are, not collected by the player the casino operator shall hold and dispose of it or them in accordance with approved procedures.


  1. Issue and Redemption of Chips


13.1 The casino operator shall, during the hours of Slot Gacor operation of the casino, at the request of a casino patron:

(a) exchange chip purchase vouchers or chips issued by the casino for chips or other chips, as the case may be, as requested of an equivalent total value;

(b) redeem chips or chip purchase vouchers issued by the casino for cash of an amount equivalent to the value of the chips or chip purchase vouchers, provided however that the casino operator, if requested by the patron, may at its discretion issue for the whole or any part of the amount to be paid in cash, in lieu of cash, a check made payable to the patron.

13.2 Where the casino operator has issued a chip gratuitously or in exchange for less than the value marked on the chip, rule 13.1 shall apply subject to the terms and conditions (if any) on which the chip was issued.


  1. Value and Non-Value Chips


14.1 Where the rules of a game provide for wagers to be made with or represented by chips, such chips shall be value chips unless the rules permit non-value chips to be used.

14.2 The following provisions shall apply to non-value chips:

(a) the non-value chips in use at a gaming table shall constitute a set, each bearing the same distinguishing emblem or mark to differentiate it from non-value chips of other sets in use at other tables. Each set shall be subdivided into various colors;

(b) non-value chips issued at a gaming table shall be used only for gaming at that table and shall not be used for gaming at any other table or location in the casino;

(c) where a non-value chip is used to place a wager in breach of subparagraph (b), the wager shall, to that extent, be void;

(d) except with the approval of the casino operator, non-value chips shall be presented for redemption only at the table from which they were issued, and shall not be redeemed or exchanged at any other location in the casino;

(e) no person shall be issued with non-value chips which are identical in color and design to non-value chips which have been issued to any other person at the same table;

(f) where a person buys non-value chips, the specific cash value to be assigned to such chips shall be declared by that person at the time of purchase and before play. This value shall be clearly denoted by a non-value chip and a corresponding marker button displayed at the table.

14.3 Where the rules of a game permit the use of non-value chips for wagering, the casino operator may limit the use of value chips by a player, or require a player to use non-value chips in lieu of value chips, at any table where that game is conducted.